These documents make it clear that governors need to take into account multiple sources of evidence — research, school data, practitioner expertise and stakeholders in the decision making process. These decisions should be taken where:. In other words, unless boards are using principles, practices and processes which are consistent with evidence-based school leadership, the board is highly likely to be in breach of its statutory responsibilities to a collaborative, open, explicit and civilized endeavour.
Governments have a critical role in creating the context in which evidence-based practice will either flourish or fade away. Developing evidence-based, or evidence-informed, practice within schools will take more than teachers accessing the latest research evidence or EEF evidence-summary. It will require a system-wide effort, and with all such efforts, progress may be slow and at sometimes frustrating. On the other hand, improving education opportunities and attainment for all is a matter of social justice and is task we should not shirk away from. Brown, C. Leadership and Policy in Schools.
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Research Update: The Current State of Research Use in Education
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Strategies for teaching evidence-based practice in nursing education: a thematic literature review
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by Richard Pring, Gary Thomas
Budget accountability is directly related to the sponsor and relates to agreed terms of reference, time frames and methodologies. The research produces findings and conclusions, but rarely recommendations except those related to further research needs. Decision-rules relate to predetermined conventions and agreements between the sponsor and the researcher. Primary education. Secondary education. Tertiary education.
Higher education. This educational intervention was embedded in the cross-curricular evidence-based practice programme developed in the nursing degree programme at the Universitat Jaume I. Moreover, the effectiveness was measured using the EBP-COQ, a validated tool developed in Spanish to measure the knowledge, skills and attitudes of nursing students 24 - However, there were no statistically significant differences in the Skills dimension, although the analysis of this dimension by items showed significant differences in all cases, which reinforces the educational intervention.
The factors that may be involved include the influence of the clinical tutors, their relationship with the students and a possible lack of evidence-based practice knowledge and skills. Moreover, students can promote evidence-based practice within clinical settings by forming partnerships with clinical nurses Another factor may be the difficulty students encounter in accessing electronic resources during their clinical clerkships. The first part of this educational intervention is conducted at the university, while the second occurs during the clinical clerkship.
The comparison of means showed significant differences between the baseline and intermediate measurements but not between the intermediate and final measurements, thus suggesting that the first part of the educational intervention had a greater positive effect compared to the part carried out during the clinical clerkship. It is necessary to consider that this educational intervention was carried out among second-year nursing degree students and was framed within the cross-curricular evidence-based practice programme described earlier.
Thus, it is important to consider that students in our programme had learned statistics and epidemiology in their first year, as some authors 6 recommend; moreover, they had the fundamentals of evidence-based practice knowledge and skills gained in the first year, with further continuity of the programme in subsequent years. In our case, this is a partial assessment of the cross-curricular evidence-based practice programme, and it will be necessary to assess the effectiveness of the educational interventions carried out in forthcoming academic courses, as well as the overall results of the programme.
Research in Education
Some limitations of this study must be considered. No control group was established, and the sample could not be randomised in the assessment of the educational intervention. This is because it was part of the cross-curricular EBP programme, open to all students enrolled in the Nursing Care in Healthcare Processes course, and because the nursing degree at Universitat Jaume I Spain has only recently been implemented.
In subsequent academic courses, there were new interventions related to evidence-based practice that had to be measured. Moreover, the study sample was limited to two academic years and was carried out in a single institution. The use of subjective measures is suitable, however, because of the correlation between self-reported and objective assessments of evidence-based practice competence 6. The findings of this study show that an educational intervention based on theoretical and practical classes on the EBP process and the use of the critical incident technique during clinical clerkship enhances EBP competence among second-year nursing degree students.
However, the effect of the educational intervention is lower during clinical clerkships; factors related to clinical tutors, the use of technologies or the use of research may affect these results. Nevertheless, the findings of this study may be of interest to other universities since the existing literature does not provide sufficient evidence regarding the ideal model or the most appropriate training in EBP. Sicily statement on evidence-based practice. BMC Med Educ. The establishment of evidence-based practice competencies for practicing registered nurses and advanced practice nurses in real-world clinical settings: proficiencies to improve healthcare quality, reliability, patient outcomes, and costs.
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The state of evidence-based practice in US nurses: critical implication for nurses, leaders and educators. J Nurs Adm. Effectiveness of an evidence-based practice EBP course on the EBP competence of undergraduate nursing students: A quasi-experimental study. Nurse Educ Today. Hallmarks of the professional nursing practice environment. J Prof Nurs. The Australian experience of nurses' preparedness for evidence-based practice. J NursManag.
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Changes in nursing education in the European Union. J NursScholarsh. Student nurse perceptions on evidence-based practice and research: an exploratory research study involving students from the University of Greenwich, England and the Faculty of Health Care Jesenice, Slovenia. Invest Educ Enferm. Pedagogical strategies to teach bachelor students evidence-based practice: A systematic review. What are the effects of teaching evidence-based health care EBHC? Overview of systematic reviews. PLoS One. Teaching evidence-based practice: Developing a curriculum model to foster evidence-based practice in undergraduate student nurses.
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